Quiz Walk: Monument and Tower

Explore the fascinating buildings, narrow streets and passageways of The City of London between The Monument and The Tower Of London. Enjoy the superb views as you walk along The River Thames.

A circular walk about 1½  miles in length

Ideal to combine with our Fire Of London Quiz Walk.

The quiz walk and answers are below 


Click Here to download a pdf of the quiz walk and answers 

Our photo clues are provided to help everyone in the family join in the hunt for the answers.

Click Here to download a pdf of photo clues to help you and your Mayhems


monument and tower walk map

Monument and Tower Quiz Walk Route

Turn right and walk to The Monument of the Great Fire of London 1666.

You can pay to go up the spiral staircase to see the view from the top.

  1. How many steps make up the spiral staircase?

Walk down Fish Street Hill to Lower Thames Street. Look at the clock hanging on the right hand side of the tower of the church directly opposite the end of Fish Street Hill.

  1. What is the date under the clock?

Inside the church, St Magnus The Martyr, is a superb 4 metre long model of Old London Bridge.

Cross Lower Thames Street and turn left.

Walk under the narrow footbridge at 3 Lower Thames Street, and turn right into Old Watermen’s Walk.

A sprint track and other fitness equipment have been installed here.

Walk to the River Thames and look across to the opposite bank of the river.

  1. What is the name of the hospital on the opposite bank?

Sections of The Thames Path are named for local wharves and buildings, reflecting the history of the area.

Records show a that a house called “The Dark House Billingsgate” stood near here in 1671.

Turn left, walk along the Thames Path with the river on your right.

Life-saving equipment is mounted all along the river bank wall.

  1. What is the fine for tampering with this equipment?

The brick building on your left is the old Billingsgate Fish Market, now a conference and exhibition venue.

  1. What creature is above the weather vanes on the roof of old Billingsgate Fish Market?
  2. How many arches lead from the steps into the old Billingsgate Fish Market?

Keep following the Thames Path and walk down the ramp passing Custom House, the large white stone building. At the end of the path turn left and then right when you reach the small road.

Continue towards The Tower Of London. When you reach the road barrier, go left towards the red post box and the round brick built structure.

This building was the entrance to the original Tower Subway which went under The Thames.

  1. What year was the subway constructed?

Walk to the glass barrier overlooking the Tower Of London moat.

For over 600 years, wild animals were kept in the Royal Menagerie at the Tower.

  1. How many stone ‘lions’ can you see?

Turn left and walk up the hill, passing the main ticket office, to the pedestrian crossing.

Cross Tower Hill and enter Trinity Square Gardens. (The gardens close just before dusk).

Walk directly ahead  to the small cobbled area surrounded by a low chain. It was once the site of a scaffold.

  1. On what date in August did The Earl of Kilmarnock and Lord Balmerino suffer?

Explore the adjacent memorials to the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleet, then leave the gardens and make your way to Ten Trinity Square, the large imposing building between Muscovy Street and Savage Gardens.

The building was built for The Port of London Authority and has superb sculptures on sea themes

Walk along Savage Gardens, stopping at the large statue of a woman standing on a globe.

  1. What is she holding in her left hand?

Continue along Savage Gardens,  turn left into Pepys Street.

At the junction with Seething Lane, cross to the entrance to St Olave’s Church.

  1. How many skulls are above the entrance arch to the churchyard?

Samuel Pepys, the 17th century diarist used to pray in this church and is buried here.

  1. When was Samuel Pepys buried?

Turn right, walk along Seething Lane, and at the ‘T’ junction with Crutched Friars/Hart Street turn left into Hart  Street. Walk along Hart Street to ‘The Ship’ Public House.

  1. How many ships are sailing under the window?

Turn right into Mark Lane, as you pass London Street look to your right at the station.

  1. What is the name of this station?

Continue along Mark Lane, passing St Olave’s Church Hall and the tower of All Hallows Staining.

Turn left into the narrow Star Alley, and follow it as it twists to the right and becomes a passageway.

 All Hallows Staining was built around 1320 AD and maintained by the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers.

  1. When was the passageway section of Star Alley built?

Turn left into Fenchurch Street and immediate left into Mincing Lane. Look above the wrought iron gates of Dunster Court, The Clothworkers’ Hall which is on the left.

  1. What animal is above the coat of arms?

Walk past 1 Minster Court and continue to the steps in front of the wrought iron gates.

  1. How many horses are prancing above the steps?

Cross Mincing Lane and go to Plantation Lane, which is directly opposite Minster Court.

Spend a few minutes looking at events and names associated with London that have been set in the pavement.

At the start of the pavement near Mincing Lane is the date of the worst London Fog (Smog) which lasted 5 days.

  1. Which year was The Great Smog?

Return to Mincing Lane, turn right and walk down to Great Tower Street.

Cross Great Tower Street and walk down St Dunstan’s Hill to the plaque on the corner of the gardens on the right.

  1. When were the gardens opened?

St Dunstan-in-the-East was largely destroyed in the Second World War and the ruins are now planted with trees and a small lawn. If time permits explore the garden or relax on a bench by the tiny fountain.

Continue down St Dunstan’s Hill and turn right at the main road, Lower Thames Street.

The brick building opposite is Custom House. Beside it, with a statue of Britannia on roof, is Old Billingsgate Market.

When you reach St Mary At Hill, look up at the brick building on the corner.

  1. What type of room is here?

Continue along Lower Thames Street to ‘The Walrus and The Carpenter’ Public House.

The ‘Walrus and The Carpenter’ is a famous poem from ‘Through The Looking Glass’.

  1. Which author wrote ‘The Walrus and The Carpenter’ and has a bar named after him.

Continue past the’ Walrus and The Carpenter’ into Monument Street.

The Monument and Monument Station (where the walk began) is at the end of the street.


Click Here to download a pdf of the quiz walk and answers 

Our photo clues are provided to help everyone in the family join in the hunt for the answers.

Click Here to download a pdf of photo clues to help you and your Mayhems

Papa’s Facts
Did You Know That:

In the 19th century,  Billingsgate was the largest fish market in the world. In 1982 the fish market moved a few miles to the East, to a new site on The Isle of Dogs.


Originally, The Tower Subway was built for a narrow gauge railway. It was converted to a foot tunnel  and one million people a year crossed under the river, paying a toll of a halfpenny (½ d).


Samuel  Pepys kept a diary from 1660 until 1669 and wrote about events such as the Great Plague of London, the Second Dutch War, and the Great Fire of London.

The Worshipful Company of Clothworkers is a City of London livery company and dates from 1528.

St Mary-at-Hill has served the local community for nearly a thousand years. The first record of a church here dates from 1177.

Animals were kept at the Tower of London from 1210. There have been elephants, tigers, kangaroos and ostriches. The Menagerie finally closed as some animals escaped and attacked each other, visitors and staff. They were transferred to London Zoo in 1832.

‘All Hallows By Tower Church’, was founded in 675 AD. Inside the church is a 7th-century Saxon arch doorway surviving from the original church, and is the oldest piece of church material in London.

'All Hallows By Tower Church'

‘All Hallows By Tower Church’, 675 AD with The ‘Walkie Talkie’, 20 Fenchurch Street , 2014 AD in the background



1   311 Steps 2  1709 3   London Bridge Hospital
4   £5,000 5 A fish 6   11 arches
7   1868 8   3 lions 9   18th August 1746
10 A ships wheel 11 3 skulls 12  4th June 1703
13  4 ships 14  Fenchurch Street 15  1955
16  Ram 17  3 horses 18  60
19 Billingsgate 20 A Reading Room 21  Lewis Carroll


Getting There Start at Fish Street Hill Exit of Monument Station  
Circle and District Underground lines
Google see map or get directions

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