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Quiz Walk : A Great Fire of London Walk

Go back in time to 1666 and imagine walking through the narrow streets as the Great Fire of London starts. Discover which buildings were rebuilt after The Fire ended.

The walk is circular and about 1½ miles long.

Ideal to combine with our Monument and Tower Quiz Walk

The quiz walk and answers are below 

OR Click Here to download a pdf of the quiz walk and answers 

Our photo clues are provided to help everyone in the family join in the hunt for the answers.

Click Here to download a pdf of photo clues to help you and your Mayhems 

 

fire of london 2

The Great Fire of London Quiz Walk Route

Start outside the Fish Street Hill Exit of Monument Station (Circle and District Underground lines).

Walk to the Monument to The Great Fire of London.monument fire of london

  1. How tall is The Monument?

Robert Hooke designed The Monument as a giant telescope. The flame has a small trapdoor that opened to see the sky.

On the far side of The Monument, in line with 24 Monument Street, is a paving stone dedicated to Robert Hooke

  1. When was Robert Hooke born?

Walk to the corner of Pudding Lane.

  1. What was the name of the King’s baker?

Turn left and walk up Pudding Lane, turn right into Saint George’s Lane – a small very narrow street.

As you walk through try to imagine what it was like before the Great Fire. Wooden houses overhung the Lane.  St George Church was here.  It was burnt down in the Great Fire, rebuilt and was demolished in 1904.

Go to the far end of St George’s Lane and look at the coat of arms of The City of London on the street sign.

  1. What three words in Latin are under the shield?

Cross the road and immediately go up the 4 steps into Botolph Alley and walk to the end.

Turn right into Lovat Lane and walk down the hill to the pub called ‘The Walrus and The Carpenter’.

Can you imagine running down here in panic with the fire all around you to river Thames carrying  all your precious belongings? Will you find a waterman and boat to take you to the other side of The Thames and safety?

Look at the engraved stone on the corner opposite The Walrus and The Carpenter pub.

  1. What was caught by a Bawley fishing boat?

Turn left and then left again into St Mary At Hill.

  1. Whose hall can you find on the left hand side at 18 St Mary At Hill?
  2. What colour is the face on the clock on St Mary at Hill Church?

St Mary-at-Hill was one of the first churches rebuilt after the Great Fire and was completed in 1677 at a cost of £3,980.

Continue up the hill and at the main road – Eastcheap – carefully cross and walk to St Margaret Pattens church – it is set back from the road in Rood Lane. Look above the door.

  1. Who rebuilt St Margaret Paterns church after the Great Fire of London?

Return to Eastcheap and turn right.

  1. Look across to Peek House, 20 Eastcheap, on the corner of Eastcheap and Lovat Lane. How many camels are there?

Turn right into Philpot Lane and detour into Brabant Court – half way along Philpot Lane on the left hand side.

Look at the metal fire hydrant on the right of the door to No 4 and near the large ornate metal gates.

ST DIO BC stands for St Dionis Backchurch which was here and was burnt in the Great Fire. It was rebuilt after the Fire by Wren and demolished in 1878.

  1. Who made the hydrant?

Return to Philpot Lane, turn left and continue towards Fenchurch Street.

Cross Fenchurch Street and walk along Lime Street, bear left into the cobbled Lime Street Passage and enter Leadenhall Market.  Part of the market was destroyed in the Great Fire and rebuilt.

Look at the wooden board beside 65 Lime Street Passage.

  1. How old was Old Tom the Gander when he died?

Walk to the centre covered section of the market and look up at the clock.

  1. What is the date above the clock in the centre ofLeadenhall Market?

Turn left and walk towards the main road – Gracechurch Street.

At the main road look at the the men’s tailors shop  ‘Ede and Ravenscroft’ opposite you.

  1. Ede and Ravenscroft began a few years after the Great Fire. When were they established?

Turn left into Gracechurch Street, go to the traffic lights and cross Fenchurch Street . Continue along Gracechurch Street and look for the blue plaque to St Benet Gracechurch on a pillar of the office block at 60 Gracechurch Street.

St Benet was destroyed in Fire, rebuilt by Wren and demolished when the road was widened.

  1. When was St Benet Gracechurch demolished?

Turn left into Talbot Court, beside 55 Gracechurch and walk to The Ship and read the information board about the inn.

  1. What was the original name of ‘The Ship’?

Continue along Talbot Court to Eastcheap. Turn right, walk to the traffic lights at Gracechurch Street. Cross to the central island with the public toilets (small charge) and then continue to the other side of Gracechurch Street.

 

Turn left and follow the pavement as it curves  to the traffic lights at the junction of  Cannon Street and King William Street.

Turn right into King William Street and very shortly right into Clements Lane.

The church on your immediate right is St Clements Eastcheap. It is one of two churches that claim to be the St Clements sung in the nursery rhyme ‘Oranges and Lemon, Say the bells of St. Clement’s.’ It was rebuilt by Wren after the fire. In the church records is this entry – 

‘To one third of a hogshead of wine, given to Sir Christopher Wren, £4 2s’ .

Continue to the end of Clements Lane, turn left into Lombard Street and look up at the hanging signs.

If you walked along Lombard Street before  the Great Fire you would have seen many hanging signs. People used the signs instead of house numbers. Sometimes they fell and injured people, so were banned in 1760. The present-day signs were erected for the coronation of Edward VII in 1902.

  1. What animal is playing the fiddle?
  2. What is the date above the grasshopper?

This area was also famous for the 17th century coffee houses where people met for business and relaxation.

Carry on walking along Lombard Street, cross the narrow Abchurch Lane, and look at the blue plaque about Lloyds on the left.

  1. What date did Lloyds Coffeehouse open?

Cross Lombard Street and go between the bollards into Change Alley, directly across the blue plaque for Lloyds.

Walk along Change Alley and look for a blue plaque on the right.

  1. Whose coffeehouse stood in Change Alley?

Walk to the end of Change Alley and cross Cornhill to the statue of The Duke of Wellington on a horse.  It stands ion the forecourt of The Royal Exchange, which was opened in 1571 and burnt down in The Great Fire. Go up the steps to the entrance to see the history information board to the right of the doors.

  1. Which King laid the foundation stone in 1667?

Cross Cornhill, turn left and then right into Pope’s Head Alley, which is beside 14 Cornhill.

At the end of Pope’s Head Alley cross Lombard Street, turn left and then right into Post Office Court which runs behind St Mary Woolnoth Church.

St Mary Woolnoth was badly damaged in the Great Fire, repaired by Sir Christopher Wren and later rebuilt by Nicholas Hawksmoor. The war plaques on the right hand wall came from the office building on your left.

 Look at the stone inscription on the right at the far end of Post Office Court. The General post office moved here after the Great Fire in 1678.

  1. Which Street was the General Post Office in before it moved?

Turn left into King William Street and walk to the traffic lights.

Cross to Monument Station where the walk began.

Click Here to download a pdf of the quiz walk and answers 

Our photo clues are provided to help everyone in the family join in the hunt for the answers.

Click Here to download a pdf of photo clues to help you and your Mayhems 


Papa’s Facts
Did You Know That:

The Fire started shortly after midnight on Sunday, 2nd September 1666.

 

On the 3rd day of The Fire, houses were blown up with gunpowder to make a fire break to stop the flames.

 

Samuel Pepys wrote on the 4th September in his diary that he buried wine and cheese to save them from the fire.

  ‘And in the evening Sir W. Pen and I did dig another, and put our wine in it; and my Parmazan cheese, as well as my wine and some other things

 

In 1666 London Bridge was the only bridge crossing The Thames in London, so Watermen were used to ferry passengers and goods in their small boats across the river.

436 acres of London were destroyed. This is the same size as 436 football (soccer) pitches OR 6976 tennis courts.

13,200 houses were destroyed.

87 out of 109 churches were burned during The Fire.

Christopher Wren and his team rebuilt 51 churches and St Paul’s Cathedral. The cathedral was not completed until 1711.

Smoke could be seen as far away as Oxford, 60 miles away.

 

Answers

1   202ft 2  1635 3   Thomas Faryner
4   Domine dirige nos 5  Whitebait 6   Watermen
7   blue 8   Wren 9   I Taylor
10  3 Camels 11  38 12  A D 1881
13  1689 14  1876 15  The Talbot
16  A cat 17  1563 18  1691
19  Jonathans 20 Charles II 21  Bishopsgate Street


Getting There Start at Fish Street Hill Exit of Monument Station  
Circle and District Underground lines
Google see map or get directions

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